Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) occurs when blood vessels in your retina leak fluid into the macula.
This can cause a build-up of fluid leading to swelling and a reduction in fine detailed vision. It can be caused by a wide range of ophthalmic conditions including after surgery and trauma.
What are the Symptoms?
What are the Causes?
There are a range of factors that can contribute to the development of cystoid macular odema, Including: diabetes, after effects of eye surgery, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), blocked retinal blood vessels, inflammatory eye diseases, ageing, genetic conditions, eye tumours and eye injury.
When discussing the symptoms with your Laser Vision specialist, we will also take any of these factors into consideration.
What is the Diagnosis?
Cystoid macular oedema is initially treated with a combination of topical steroid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory topical drops for 4-6 weeks.
If the CMO does not resolve, a short course of oral acetazolamide in combination with the above topical drops is given. If the CMO remains incalcitrant, the patient may be offered one of the following: a sub-tenon’s injection of steroid, an injection of steroid or an anti-VEGF into the posterior chamber of the eye.
Choosing the right vision correction clinic for your surgery is paramount. This is a life changing procedure after all, and you need to have complete trust in your surgeon and care team of professionals.
More information about Steroidal Intravitreal Injections
An intravitreal steroid injection is administered into the posterior chamber or vitreous cavity of the eye. Aim of treatment is to reduce macular oedema or inflammation from several different causes.View Steroidal Intravitreal Injections
More information about Anti-VEGF Intravitreal Injections
An injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) into the posterior chamber or vitreous cavity of the eye aims to reduce macular oedema, or abnormal blood vessel growth inside the eye.View Anti-VEGF Intravitreal Injections